CCTV stands for Closed-Circuit Television, which uses video cameras to broadcast a signal to a previously specified monitor or set of monitors. As the term ‘closed circuit’ would imply, this means that the signals are not made public and may only be viewed on the predetermined, usually local, network. CCTV is mainly used for surveillance purposes, which makes it a smart addition to any business building.
Closed-circuit television systems are most commonly used for surveillance of a building or general area. The video cameras are connected to monitors in a security room, which allows personnel to survey the area in real time. CCTV also has recording capabilities, so tapes may be recorded and viewed at a later date. Depending on how they are set up and programmed, the video cameras may run for a specific period of time or be perpetually active. More advanced CCTV systems are capable of extra functions, like motion detection with different types of automatic alerts. If placed on a swiveling mount, CCTV video cameras may be remotely controlled by the user. The uses of closed-circuit television are somewhat few, due to its limited functions. They may be used to monitor traffic conditions or to supervise people performing jobs from a distance. However, their primary (and possibly only) use in a business building would be to monitor events in and around that building. In this case, CCTV monitoring could be used to deter would-be thieves or to help capture them once a theft has taken place. It can also help to settle disputes and aid in forensics research by replaying events exactly as they took place.
Advanced functions of CCTV systems, made possible by modern technological improvements, make CCTV more useful for certain situations. Modern cameras can be programmed to identify moving objects, and some can differentiate between different objects (for example, they could automatically discern between a moving person and a car). Because of this, it is possible to program instructions into a CCTV system based on movement. CCTVs can be rigged to sound an alarm when certain events take place – for instance, a closed-circuit television system could detect a person approaching a secure area and sound an alarm when the area is breached. This additional functionality helps to make CCTV more useful for jobs involving security in and around a building. Although it is possible for CCTV to record audio in addition to video, there are legal ramifications associated with this – see “Legalities of CCTV Systems” for more information.
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There has been a lot of debate about the safety advantages of closed-circuit television systems versus the invasion of privacy that video recording implies. However, as long as CCTV is installed in a publicly accessible area, or on property which is owned by the installer, there are no legal issues with simply having the cameras present so long as they are properly registered. Slightly more complicated guidelines apply when it comes to actually making and archiving the CCTV recordings.
The Data Protection Act of 1998 imposed certain legal restrictions, which were later modified and clarified in 2004. The most recent version of the Data Protection stipulates that all closed-circuit television systems be registered with the Commissioner of the Information Commissioner’s Office. Archived recordings must be deleted promptly. Finally, anyone who monitors CCTV systems must first pass state licensing to be considered a security guard. It is not legal to record conversation using surveillance cameras, which means captured audio is not admissible as evidence in court. For updated privacy laws applicable to a specific region, contact the Information Commissioner’s Office. Contact information is available at their website: http://www.ico.gov.uk
Wireless closed-circuit television systems are a convenient choice that offers all the functionality of CCTV without the messy, unsightly cables cluttering everything up. Wireless CCTV cameras may be placed anywhere and don’t require extra work to take care of the cables. This makes them ideal for use outside a building: no more debating about whether to have construction work to hide the cables within the building, or else run the cables up the side of the building where they are very visible and susceptible to damage. They can attach easily to trees or be mounted on walls within the building. Taking advantage of the wireless capabilities of closed-circuit television systems means less installation work and a more polished-looking system overall. Of course, there are disadvantages to wireless systems as well: the cameras must be very carefully placed to ensure the signal reaches its destination, and it is possible to interfere with wireless signals. To determine whether or not a wireless CCTV system is right for a building, contact the experts at Active Communication Company Ltd.
Active Communication Company Ltd has a team of trained professionals ready to give advice and install any CCTV systems. ACCL offers free on-site consultations, where the representative will be able to survey the site and create a custom CCTV map to ensure that all sensitive areas are well monitored.
Once a plan is drawn and approved for the closed-circuit television system, ACCL provides high-quality cameras and the best, sturdiest equipment available on the market. Certified installers will mount the cameras, take care of any cabling and connection requirements, and complete the installation so the system is fully functional and ready for use.
Closed-circuit television systems help users keep track of events in and around a building, which offers security benefits and may help to prevent or reverse theft. For extra convenience, wireless CCTV systems are available as well. Active Communication Company Ltd is standing by to set up a custom plan for any building so that it is well monitored and protected. Don’t wait to start being secure – contact ACCL today for a free on-site consultation.
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ACCL experts in CCTV systems